The International Diabetes Federation have reportedly called for systematic and concrete guidelines to stop this epidemic. In addition, they are signaling a need for this topic to be covered at the United Nations meeting next week.
Type I diabetes largely affect children and young adults. These individuals are unable to make insulin, which is produced from the pancreas pancreas. Type II diabetes is much more common and is often closely affected by obesity. Type II can be described as a decrease in the amount of insulin [Relative Insulin Deficiency] and a difficulty to have the insulin entering the cells [Insulin Resistance].
Complications of Diabetes:
1.) Eye complications
- Retinopathy - a disorder of the retina.
- Loss of eye sight
- Cataracts - 60% more likely to get cataract when diabetic
- Glaucoma - 40% more like to get glaucoma when diabetic
2.) Foot Complications
- Callous, skin changes, Neuropathy, ulcers, and other problems
- Poor circulation and amputations can be seen.
3.) Skin changes
- Increased fungal, bacterial, rashes and other skin changes can be seen.
4.) Heart Disease
- HA1c checks blood sugar - should be monitored and maintained
- Increased Lipids [Cholesterol and Triglycerides need to be maintained.]
6.) Depression and Stress
- Ketones produced when body burns fat instead of glucose
- When a dangerously high levels are seen - can lead to stroke and death.
8.) Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS)
- Elevated blood sugar levels rise dangerously - rare but serious condition
9.) Neuropathy (Nerve Damage)
10.) Kidney Disease (Nephropathy)
- High blood sugar can overwork the kidneys, causing them to stop working properly.
11.) Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
- Blood vessels in the legs are narrowed or blocked by fatty deposits and blood flow to your feet and legs decreases.
- Increased risk for heart attack and stroke